The golden yellow flower (Padauk) is the national flower of Myanmar which is valued by Burmese people. In the first month of the Burmese twelve month (Tangu), if it rains twice a row , a series of myrtle green buds will appear, and in one night they will be full bloom as small golden saffron bell-shaped flowers. The petals are about 1.5 cm in size. Padauk flower is also a symbol of the Thingyan Festival (Myanmar Traditional Water Festival). In Thingyan (Myanmar new year water festival) , the main decoration is Padauk flower. The mandap is also decorated with Padauk flowers). In ancient times, during the Thingyan Festival of the Burmese Kings, water was poured into gold and silver cups and sprinkled with Padauk flowers and Padauk leaves. The Padauk is a faithful flower that blooms one month in a year, one day in a month.
On the day of the flowering, offerings are made to the pagoda, and women also adorn in their hairs. The boys show their allegiance by compare with Padauk Flower, when the flowers bloom, they pick Padauk flowers and give it to the girl they love.
Don’t try to pick it
Because it is the beginning of the new year
Apply zambhu liquid
To all regions
From bud to flower
Raise your head and be dizzy
She too is a woman of the world
She may want to brag
It is an honor
The blue clouds
By the clear breeze
Golden yellow buds
turns around and roll left and right
How can you have fun like them?
It’s so amazing
The Tavasin robe
Peace in the world
To make the religion bright
Deliberate and careful
The flowers buds are painted yellow
Because of the heart that wants to move in the middle of flowers
Enter the end of the year
It gives birth to strength and intelligence
When the opportunity
It must be an honor
Don’t pick golden yellow flowers (Padauk flowers) that bloom during the New Year. The little Padauk flower will want to boast of her beauty like a human virgin. Underneath the dazzling blue sky, the mayesty of the petals swaying left and right in the breeze. Golden yellow flowers (Padauk flowers) are inspiring to flourish Buddhism in the world. In the poem ‘ Padauk Pan’ , the ancient poet wrote about the glory of the bright flowers that bloom in the middle of the flowers on the same day after the end of old year.
La Tangu is a beautiful month
Padauk buds are green
It is a unique flower
The top of the cave Nandamu
Pissaka Buddha had to rest
It is a shady place
One month a year
One day a month
They bloom in the forest
The fog is heavy
Fragrances are diffused
With the golden robe
Now Thangyan Giman is back
In addition to the radiance
It smells good along the way
It doesn’t shine as brightly as it’s
Oueen of flowers.
‘ Padauk Shwe Wah ‘ poem that we learned in 8th grade Burmese poetry in Myanmar text book, composed by an ancient scholar U Kywat. Green yellow flowers ( Padauk flowers ) that only bloom in the month of Tangu are incomparable to any other flower. How the shade of Padauk trees growing in the remote Himalayas provides a cool shade for the Pissaka Buddha to rest on when Thingyan arrives, the glory of the summer princess Padauk flower is celebrated.
The beauty, the fidelity, and the preciousness of the Padauk flower have been described by poets in many different ways, but they haven’t been exhausted.
Padauk flower is call ‘ Gumkino flower’ in English. Padauk tree is a perennial species. The tree can grow up to 100 feet in height. It is a type of Angiosperm. The flowers are pollinated by bees and insects. Padauk plants prefers warm, humid climates. Padauk tree is grow not only in Myanmar but also in Southeast Asia countries such as Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Vietnam and Cambodia. It has been naturalized in India and the Caribbean. It can also be found on beach forests and rocky shores. There are many varieties of Padauk all over the world.
Padauk wood is also a valuable wood. Burmese Padauk is a world-class retailer. Other common names of Burmese Padauk are ‘ Rose wood and Blood wood’. Padauk wood is used in high-grade furniture, flooring, musical instruments and many others.
Padauk is a herbal plant. Padauk tree is not a major food source but young leaves and flowers can be eaten. It can be used to treat diseases such as aliments, mouth sores, mouth tumors, diarrhea, boiling heat and toothache. Red and reddish dye can be obtained from the bark. A decocting of the leaves is also used in shampoos.
The golden yellow Padauk flowers that remain on the branches do not wither and turns into green Padauk seeds after a few days. The seeds are 5-7 cm in the center and have a small wing-shaped wing on the side. When dry, it turns brown. Padauk plants can be grow with Padauk seeds. Padauk tree is also grown as a shade tree by the side of the road. It is now being transformed into a plant call ‘Bonsai’. Large Padauk tree also preserve the natural environment. Depending on the Padauk flowers, honey bees and insects can survive. It also fixes nitrogen in the air. Padauk is perfect in both ability and beauty because from flowers to leaves, stems, bark and roots are very useful.
We should preserve the Padauk trees so that future generations can see them and not become extinct. This is because the Padauk trees are becoming scarce for a variety of reasons such as not planting new trees that have been harvested after a few year of longevity. Nowadays, instead of real Padauk flowers, plastic Padauk flowers and paper Padauk flower are replaced, and worried that future generations will not see the glories Padauk flowers, if the Padauk flowers become extinct. In the past, Padauk flowers bloomed only one a year, but now they bloomed two to three times a year. This may be because of global warming and climate change. Living things and the earth are ecologically dependent on each other. We should grow the Padauk trees to prevent ecosystem damage. If the earth is not destroy ,the living trees (Padauk trees) will grow naturally. As a Myanmar citizen and as a human being, we should preserve the flowering plants (Padauk plants) that support the world and beautify Myanmar. As long as the earth exists, we should strive to have bright flower(golden yellow Padauk flowers).
17 thoughts on “Myanmar National Flower (Padauk)”
Pitak flower and Atta Thingyan cannot be separated, as it is a flower that only blooms once when Thingyan falls.
very beautiful is padauk.
I do love PADAUK. Stay Strong!!! Thanks for sharing.
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I enjoy looking at in a row of fully bloomed Padauk plants & thinking about nothing special through my window, which can’t be replaced with any other enjoyments.
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Thank for sharing.
Thank for knowledge
Thank you so much for your content.